Environmental Requirements With Commercial Real Estate
What You Need To Know
Are you a savvy real estate owner that that might be still confused about environmental requirements? Think those are just reserved for decommissioned gas stations? Think again.
With governmental legislation constantly switching thresholds, and lenders updating their requirements, it seems that everyone is feeling a bit overwhelmed and surprised when environmental problems they’ve never had to worry about in the past lead to failed sales.
What are environmental requirements for the sale of an apartment building? In a nutshell, lenders need to make sure that every commercial site (and rental buildings fall into this category) is being sold without hazards. Most sites are subject to scrutiny by more than one environmental body. Here are some of the items they look for:
The water to the building must prove not to be contaminated beyond the threshold for human consumption.
Underground oil tanks (some existing for over 100 years), which were permissible a few years ago if the grounds around them were deeded non-contaminated, are now subject to new rules and decommission.
Backfill contamination on site is a no-go (construction material or garbage dumps being built upon) as this can be a cause of gas leakage/fire.
Oil in the ground must be excavated and refilled with fresh soil.
Certain bacteria thresholds have tightened.
Reports that were fine two or three years ago may not meet the lender’s thresholds, the argument being that a neighbouring site may have contaminated the subject site.
How extensive will your environment study need to be? That depends on the site and the lender. Here are the reports generally available from the specialists and acceptable to the lenders:
Phase 1 for historical – this reveals historical information on the site and its usage, based on which further testing is, or is not recommended.
Phase 2 for bore holes – soil is sampled from underground to determine the area and depth of contamination; if tests do not come back “clean” further bore holes are performed to determine the extent of the contamination.
Phase 3 – a more extensive Phase 2 to determine more precise areas of the contamination.
Phase 4 – this is the rehabilitation stage, which generally does not take the site to “zero” contamination, but just to the level needed to meet various governmental regulations.
Lenders (even at refinancing) will want an updated report. Even if there is an existing report from a few years ago, they will be worried about contamination that occurred in the time that has elapsed, or if the existing contamination meets new legislation. Getting these reports can take months and should be undertaken as soon as you decide to sell. Otherwise, the risk is losing the buyer when the most minute issue is found and an additional phase environmental is required (buyer can generally walk because the seller won’t be able to meet the offer deadlines – the environmental companies seem to work on their own clock). Costs for this work can vary widely. Doing this work ahead of time allows you to get quotes from various firms and do it cheaper, rather than rushing due to a live offer.
Bidding for sites where the vendor already has an updated report ensures an easy transition, no tie-up of your deposit and no deal falling through due to unpleasant environmental surprises. A seller that has invested time and money into obtaining a report, or who is in the process of getting one irrespective of your offer, is a serious seller.
Do not assume that because the environmental company is big, or small, the job will be done better or faster. Start looking in advance and know that something almost always goes off the general plan as outlined in the contract.
Source: Ramona Ursu With REMonline.com